SAP Logistics Management

SAP ERP Logistics applications provide excellent performance when key processes such as procurement, product development and production, sales and service are performed end-to-end.

With SAP ERP Logistics applications you can increase your profitability, use your resources and budget effectively by performing simple, understandable daily operations by benefiting from full efficiency, cost tracking and cost reduction. You gain competitive advantage by investing more in innovations in emerging markets.

SAP ERP Functional modules for logistics applications are as follows:

(Sales and Distribution)
(Materials Management)
(Production Planning Module)
(Quality Management Module)
(Maintenance Repair Module)
(Warehouse Management Module)
(Project Management Module)
Global Available-to-Promise
(Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling)
(Extended Warehouse Management)
(Transportation Management)

SD Sales and Distribution

SD Module (Sales and Distribution) is the sales and distribution module of SAP. It is responsible for all sales processes from SAP to ordering, delivery, invoicing and payment.

Some functions in the Sales and Distribution module are:

  • Bidding and proposal tracking processes
  • Follow-up of customer contracts
  • Premium deals
  • Discount agreements
  • Promotion work
  • Preparation and use of product catalogs
  • Free product sales process
  • Preparation and follow-up of sales campaigns
  • Follow-up of competitive product information
  • Sales and dispatch according to delivery schedule
  • Track your ordering costs
  • Packaging, follow-up of returnable packaging materials
  • Shipping planning
  • Tracking of shipping costs
  • Credit card sales
  • Cash sales
  • Consignment sales

Apart from these functions, the SD module can be integrated in many different ways to external systems via SAP technology. Communication with RF devices, warehouse integration with SAP systems, additional functions such as customs, communication with customers, transporters and sales via internet, a strong sales and distribution infrastructure.

MM Materials Management Module

The material management module covers an entity's material requirements planning procurement, inventory management, logistics invoice management processes. Optimizes all procurement processes with workflow-based processing functions. It enables automated vendor evaluation, reduces procurement and storage costs with strict inventory and warehouse management, and includes billing control.

Purchasing activities in an enterprise begin with material requirements planning. After the material requirements planning program is worked, the needs are determined, suppliers are determined to meet these needs, and bid requests are obtained from the seller by creating bid requests. The best price for the seller is opened. When the goods arrive, the process is completed with warehouse entry and invoice entry operations. In this context, SAP, which processes the process effectively and efficiently,

Some functions of the functions of the MM module are:

  • Consumption planning based on consumption
  • Determination of the requirements that are formed by material requirement planning
  • Making contracts with the seller
  • Establishment of bid requests and evaluation of proposals
  • Vendor selection
  • Seller evaluation
  • Order confirmation procedure
  • Purchase order processing
  • Fason, consignment, free purchasing processes
  • Outsourcing service purchase
  • Tracking goods on the way
  • Planning of goods movements, entry and display
  • Quantity and value based management of materials
  • Stock management
  • Automatic updating of accounting accounts with goods movements
  • Seller invoice check
  • Electronic data transfer with supplier

PP Production Planning Module

Using the production resources effectively and efficiently, the production and planning processes are carried out in a healthy and coordinated manner with the PP module, one of the logistics processes in the SAP R / 3 solution package.

The production planning module is going to support cutting production, process type production and serial production.

Production and planning activities are carried out with the help of detailed formally generated product trees of components forming a product or a component group, operations to be performed to produce a product, ordering of these operations, workplaces where they are realized, and business plans containing necessary times.

More than one (alternative) product tree for a material can be used. The data stored in the product trees form an important basis for the various areas of production planning. This data forms the basis of process planning and production orientation in business planning. In production order management, part provisioning is planned through product trees.

Also product trees;

  • As an input aid in the customer order
  • On reservation and on arrival
  • In product cost calculation,
  • The product is used to calculate the associated material usage costs.

There are various steps in the system to make material / product requirements planning. These are Sales and Operations Planning (SOP). Program planning is a function in which primary needs (production programs) are created. After this step, the system has either "Long-Term Planning" or "Material Requirements Planning" or "Master Production Scheduling" options for simulation purposes.

In sales and operation planning, the system can store these plans under versions, for production needs, simultaneously planning sales according to target stock level or target stock adequacy. At the same time, the end product also shows the capacity utilization rate.

In addition to the standard structure of the SOP, the production plan can also be prepared with Flexible Planning. The aim here is to ensure that planning is done by creating appropriate information structures for the company structure. For example; Parameters such as customer orders, budget figures, production orders etc. included in the planning period can be included in the planning table so that the production plan can be made in the most appropriate and necessary flexibility.

The program can take over the production plan on a version-based basis from the planning SOP, Flexible Planning or any external system, as well as recreate it on its own menu.

Planned primary needs that result from program planning (creating planned primary needs) are used in MRP, MPS and Long-Term Plan. Planned primary needs can be saved for version-based simulated use. Different versions of the production schedule may include different materials; These versions may be in the "active / inactive" state. At the same time, many versions are active, in other words, MRP may be important.

There is scope difference between material requirement planning and main production planning. From the planning point of view, the material containing criticality is introduced from the master data into the scope of "main production planning" and the system plans only these materials in the MPS harness. As a result of the MRP harness, "delivery plans" and "purchase orders" for the materials to be procured from outside the system and "production orders" for the materials to be procured from the inside are created. In addition, workplace capacity also provides capacity utilization information.

In the SAP system, various planning strategies are supported. Some of those;

  • Warehouse production
  • Custom manufacturing
  • Production according to batch size
  • Preliminary planning with final assembly
  • Pre-planning without final assembly
  • Planning Planning with UA
  • Component group level planning

Long-term planning; It is used to obtain MRPs that are essential for annual procurement contracts and to operate MRP which will not cause problems by seeing capacity constraints.

In order to make long-term planning, it is necessary to create a scenario associated with planned primary needs in priority. LTP is run according to this created scenario

Another aspect of the PP module is production management and control. The production process is triggered by converting planned orders that are planned out into production orders. The production order can be opened independently from the planned order. Prior to production, production order terms are controlled by checking availability for materials according to specific criteria specific to production.

The aim of production control in enterprises is to make an assessment by comparing the production results with the production planning. If there is a deviation between the production plans and the actual production results, the necessary corrections are made.

Capacity assessment and balancing are another issue to be addressed in production management. According to certain criteria, the capacity loads created by the production and / or planned orders in the workplaces can be analyzed according to the specific shift programs and the capacity loads can be distributed with certain balances when necessary.

QM Quality Management Module

While establishing quality management systems in companies, it is important to pay attention to market needs, business processes in companies and integration of QM functions with other applications. A comprehensive quality management system is targeted when QM (total quality management) is required. Therefore, in companies' QM systems, there may be different demands depending on the sectors.

It enables the follow-up of quality performance and quality strategies to be integrated with all analytical functions of the SAP ERP system.

Supporting the most up-to-date quality standard systems such as ISO 9001: 2008, ISO 22000, ISO 140001, TSE and OHSAS, SAP QM has all the requirements for the integration of these systems for all industries.

PM Maintenance Repair Module

The maintenance-repair module covers the recording, monitoring, planning and controlling of all maintenance and repair operations in an operation.

Maintenance and repair is part of the company and has many connections with other business areas. Cost accounting, material management, production planning, etc. Modules are the main modules in which the maintenance-repair module is connected.

Organizations within the maintenance-repair module can be spatially, technically or functionally shaped. Objects can be hierarchically classified within this organizational structure.

Under maintenance repair module many types of maintenance and repair, such as maintenance, repair, can be performed;

  • Downtime maintenance repair,
  • Corrective maintenance,
  • Preventive maintenance,
  • Renewal of repairable backups,

and for maintenance of objects that need repair;

  • The actual status can be determined,
  • The target state can be maintained,
  • The target state can be regenerated.
  • Measure points and counters on objects can be followed. At the same time, standard faults, causes, tasks, operations, etc. for objects. Catalogs can be prepared.

Maintenance-repair activities that are regularly carried out in certain periods can be defined in the system. Calls can be created automatically in the system when the desired date or measurement value arrives. In this way, both faults are prevented and savings are provided from the work force.

Finally, with the flexible reporting system of SAP, it is possible to manage objects, catalogs, maintenance and repair types, Reports on many topics can be taken.

With Maintenance and Repair Module supports your journeys on the subjects;

  • Quality Planning
  • Quality control
  • Quality Certificates
  • Quality Notifications
  • Stability Study Process
  • Control Party Management
  • Control Results and Costs
  • Sample Management
  • Reporting, Analysis and Outcomes for All QM Processes


WM Warehouse Management Module

The warehouse management module allows the actual storage status to be managed and transferred to the system. In this position, processing of order and processing of the products to be delivered to the ambard raft and shipment are provided.

The warehouse structure of the enterprises is defined on the basis of subunits and addresses, and shelf and warehouse management are run depending on storage and depopulation strategies.

Product traceability is ensured by integrating with other modules to cover all processes from procurement to production.

Warehouse Management Module supports your journeys on the subjects;

  • Commodity Entries
  • Product Acceptance Process
  • Labeling Management
  • Addressing Management
  • In-store Lots
  • Stock Inquiry
  • Stock Picking
  • Hand Terminal Integration
  • RFID, Barcode Integration
  • Reporting, Analysis and Outcomes for All WM Processes

PS Project Management Module

The Project Management Module is a modular system that enables companies to manage and track projects in a detailed manner, including budgeting, execution, cost, sales, after sales, progress and all the critical components of the project. Since project management covers many processes, the PS module, SD - Sales and Distribution, CO - Cost Accounting, FI - Financial Accounting, HR - Human Resources Management.

The basic functions of the SAP PS module are as follows;

  • Project Budgeting
  • Project Cost and Cost Tracking
  • Project Activity Tracking
  • Progress in Project Progress
  • Project Plan Follow-up
  • Project Needs Planning and Capacity Planning
  • Project Hierarchy and Organization Determination
  • Project Management Information System

a-ATP Global Available-to-Promise

In its simplest terms; is used to determine the required date and amount.

Some of the functions in the Global Available-to-Promise module are:

  • With a-ATP, approval lines for sales orders can be created to provide feedback to customers on what date (or dates) will be met.
  • Enables usability check to be run between all locations, materials, and product tree levels. For this purpose, various rules, residence, etc. definable.
  • Provide product or location substitution. It provides a multi-location and multi-product welcome on this count.
  • To reduce shipping costs and simplify deliveries; Collect all the items of a sales order under a single delivery.
  • Automatically generates product and semi-finished production plans automatically with capacity constraints. Requires the sales and production departments to work together. (Requires PP / DS module usage.)
  • In kit or set product sales; Controls all components to determine a common date and quantity.
  • Restricts the amount of demand according to the upper limit or chasing amounts determined in any flexible scope such as customers, customer groups, distribution channels, zones. It provides equal distribution or prevents a business partner from receiving all stock. (Requires use of DP module.)
  • Sales are met according to estimates made at the input. It is usually significant in locations where characteristic-based planning is performed. (Requires use of DP module.)
  • All inputs such as stock, production order, purchase order; Use to meet your need.
  • By using Control Out, availability for sales orders entered after a specified date can be released. Because it can be approved without the need for control for long enough medium and long term sales needs.
  • The following deadlines may be taken into consideration when dates are reported back to customers; Collection, Packaging, Loading, Shipping, Discharge.
  • a-ATP; For each sales order, one at time of order creation; It can be done collectively after the sales order entries are defined at specific intervals.

Apart from these functions, the a-ATP module can be integrated with SAP APO, SAP ERP and SAP CRM via SAP technology.

PP/DS Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling

The PP / DS (Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling) module is the detailed scheduling and optimization model.

Some of the functions in the Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling module are:

  • Planning internal production and outsourcing processes
  • Material requirements planning
  • Optimize source-product planning
  • Detailed scheduling of orders
  • Make instant capacity planning
  • Optimize delivery processes
  • Improving delivery performance in response to time of term
  • Reduce inventory costs through resource and product optimization
  • Optimize bottleneck sources
  • Provide tools for interactive planning
  • Provide planning algorithms for products, resources and orders
  • Improvement of source, product and procurement processes
  • Shift management
  • Minimize parameters such as Preparation Times / Costs, delays, total production times, etc.
  • Consider situations where resources can not work at the same time
  • Take into account situations where resources can not feed many products at the same time
  • Show flow relationships between machines
  • Considering stocking constraints
  • Determining the minimum / mandatory waiting periods in the production flow
  • Simultaneous or batch-based production flows
  • Revise production plan

Apart from these functions, the PP / DS module can be integrated with some modules of the SAP ERP system and SAP APO via SAP technology. Aggregate data is integrated into the APO system from the ERP system; It is involved in planning processes in the APO system. Functions related to demand forecast planning, procurement network processes, and other APO modules such as constraints and bottleneck resource management can also be integrated into the PP / DS module.

SAP Financials

Used for the efficient use of financial resources and for cash flow management, SAP Finance Solutions provides an integrated financial operations management system, guiding businesses to meet diverse computing requirements. It integrates with internal and external functions allowing multi-dimensional analysis of financial transactions generated by other modules "backplane". Complex problems caused by commercial data are simplified with the easy use of SAP Financial Solutions and improved automation features, reducing the error rates of manual processes, saving time and cost. With its flexible architecture and graphical reporting applications, it can be quickly adapted to the specific needs of countries.

(Financial Accounting)
(Cost Accounting)

FI Financial Accounting

The Financial Accounting Module, which contains all the features that an effective financial solution brings, Access to other module data for reporting, statistical information, analysis, and features for effective interpretation of these data allows for the highest level of commercial transparency to enable innovative decision-making processes.

The Financial Accounting Module is divided into sub-modules according to the functions being implemented;

General accounting

It is a sub-module where all accounting records related to the business are held, the automatic transactions are made and the resulting reports are received.

Customer Accountancy

SAP is integrated with the Sales Distribution module and records related to the customers are created, following the current account situation and the related reports are received.

Accounts Payable

It is the department where the records related to the sellers are created, the current account situation is followed and the related reports are received by working in an integrated manner with SAP's Material Management module.

Asset Accounting

In the process of depreciation, it is the submodule that includes the automation of the transactions such as the cost account and the reporting of the generated data until the fixed assets are removed from the purchase.

Private notebooks

Businesses maintain accounts and reports that meet their specific needs outside of this sub-module and other applications.

Budget Management

Budget Management is used to determine firm targets, to make plans and to provide budgetary control of realized transactions and to support the decisions of management mechanisms.

Travel Cost Management

The business is a sub-module that covers the planning, registration and follow-up of travel expenses and makes related reports.

CO Cost Accounting

The Cost Accounting and Control Module contains all the functions required for cost and revenue calculations to assist decision making processes in businesses. Provides effective planning and control advantages by creating analysis and reports to optimize processes by dividing functions into cost centers and profit centers.

Cost and Revenue Variant Accounting (CO-CEL)

Decisions on cost items, production and production factors can be effectively taken by providing follow-up and analysis of the costs and incomes of the business. Changes in costs are constantly updated as required data is automatically transferred from the General Accounting Module (FI).

General Cost Control (CO-OM)

Includes follow-up, planning, detailed analysis and control of expenses incurred in operating activities. Accurate product cost analysis and profitability analysis are essential for the required data.

Cost Center Accounting (CO-OM-CCA)

It is used to control the costs incurred by determining the allocation of businesses to cost centers and where costs are incurred. This makes it possible to follow the cost-effectiveness of each functional area in operation and provide decision-making information for management.

Internal Orders (CO-OM-OPA)

Internal function includes follow-up, planning, analysis of costs arising from internal order types such as production, maintenance / repair, investment, marketing, research and development. The costs incurred with the planned period are compared periodically and these costs are kept under constant control.

Activity Based Cost Accounting (CO-OM-ABC)

While Cost Center Accounting provides data on where the costs are located, it is aimed to supplement the business objectives of the costs that are formed by evaluating the Costs more strategically with the Activity Based Cost Accounting as supplementary information.

Profitability Analysis and Profit Center Accounting (CO-PA / EC-PCA)

The business is divided into independent areas where profitability analysis can be performed, and the cost and income analysis of these units, periodical comparison, and the effects of cost / income simulations on profitability are followed.

Product Cost Accounting (CO-PC)

A product is an application that allows to calculate the costs incurred during the production process. It determines the right price for the product to be profitable and it is the basis for deciding the quantity of production.